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Demographic Challenges of China

As the most populous country in the world with one fifth of the wolr’d population, China reached its peak of the population growth in 1960s. Thereby, until recent, the food production, agriculture and economic growth rates were not much higher than population growth in China. So, the effect of population growth was strongly felt.

With China’s mortality rate been 7.15 per thousand in 2012 and its fertility rate been 12.1 per thousand in the same year accompanied by 18% of its population been migrants are statistical information that clearly states that Chinese population growth rate is risking its economy.

However, the above situation was not led in a day or two, rather due to years of impact and activity. For instance, in mid 1960s China faced a surge in population growth leading to large numbers of young people of marriageable age making it difficult to cut down the fertility rate in the second half of the 1980s. This clearly teaches the policy makers that they must take a long term view of the relationship between population size and resources. This is especially important for two reasons:

  • Population growth rate depends on mortality, fertility, migration and age structure.
  • Higher the dependency ratio, higher the demographic investment, limiting the pace of economic growth,

Watch more about this below:

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